Answered By: Kathryn Park
Last Updated: May 13, 2015     Views: 536

See how to calculate molarity, below, from the Oklahoma City Community College. You may also be interested in the Molarity calculator from GraphPad and wikiHow's How to Calcualte Molarity.

Calculating Molarity

The properties and behavior of many solutions depend not only on the nature of the solute and solvent but also on the concentration of the solute in the solution. Chemists use many different units when expressing concentration; however, one of the most common units is molarity. Molarity (M) is the concentration of a solution expressed as the number of moles of solute per liter of solution:

Molarity (M) =
moles solute
liters solution

For example, a 0.25 M NaOH solution (this is read as 0.25 molar) contains 0.25 moles of sodium hydroxide in every liter of solution. Anytime you see the abbreviation M you should immediately think of it as mol/L.

In order to calculate the molarity of a solution, you need to know the number of moles of solute and the total volume of the solution.

To calculate molarity:

  1. Calculate the number of moles of solute present.
  2. Calculate the number of liters of solution present.
  3. Divide the number of moles of solute by the number of liters of solution.

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