Answered By: Erin McDaniel
Last Updated: Feb 25, 2016     Views: 8736

APA does not provide exact guidance for handling citations and a Reference page in PowerPoint presentations. However, there are still best-practices recommended by several universities.

Labeling figures and tables is more straight forward.

The easiest way to handle citations and references is to follow the same rules you would for a paper, and do an in-text citation within the sentence or bullet point, and have a Reference page on your last slide.

You have leeway in choosing font and font size for your in-text citations and Reference page. If an entire slide can be attributed to one source, you can put the "in-text" citation in the bottom corner of the slide. You can use hanging indentation on your Reference page or a bulleted list. Sometimes formatting in PowerPoint can be difficult.

In addition to the examples below, I've included a link to Holgate Library's PowerPoint in APA format libguide, and a link to our Cite APA Style libguide.

Here are some examples:

In-Text Citations:

Follow the standard APA rules for in-text citations.

References page:

Include a separate References page. If you don't have room to double space, that's ok. If you have to use bullets, so you can't include a hanging indent, that's ok.


Table Example:

Number the table. Spell out the word "table". Use an Arabic number (not spelled out). The table number and title go above the table, either on the same line, or the title immediately underneath the number. Under the table, include a note with the complete citation.

Include the information in your Reference list.


Illustration or Figure Example:

Underneath the picture, include the figure number and title. Also include an in-text citation and reference in the reference list.

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